A kidney stone is a small, solid mass that forms inside a person’s kidney. A kidney stone is made of mineral and acid salts. There are different types of kidney stones such as calcium stones, struvite stones, uric acid stones, cystine stones, and other rare types can also occur. Knowing the type of kidney stone is a good way to know the cause of its formation and how to decrease the risk of forming additional stones.
Having a kidney stone can be really painful; the pain usually starts in a person’s side or back just below the ribs. The pain varies as the kidney stone moves through the urinary tract. No permanent damage is caused by a kidney stone. A person will only need to take some pain medication and drink lots of water in order to relieve the symptoms.
Today, approximately 12% of America’s population has kidney stone disorder. The numbers of those affected has decreased in levels as compared to the past years’ records. Women nowadays are more conscious and familiar with kidney stone management as compared to men. Men tend to be afflicted with the condition more than women at a ratio of 3:1.
Symptoms of a kidney stone will only occur when it has reached the tube connecting the kidney and bladder called the ureter. These symptoms are as follows:
On the other hand, immediate help from a professional would be needed when:
A kidney stone has no exact known cause; however, a number of factors do create conditions that commonly affect those most sensitive to the condition.
A kidney stone is formed when there an imbalance in the components of urine. When urine is composed of more crystal-forming substances, and there is only a small portion of fluid that can dilute those substances, the crystals start to stick together and become stones. This is the reason why lots of fluid intake is always advised.
When a doctor sees the signs and symptoms of a kidney stone being present, a series of tests and procedures will be recommended such as:
Once the physician has had the opportunity to review test results, recommendations for the most appropriate treatment can be made.
Since there are different types of kidney stones, treatment for each will vary. As for the treatment of small kidney stones with minimal symptoms, those affected will only need to follow these simple procedures:
The treatment for larger stones will require a much more invasive treatment. These procedures are as follows:
The following are suggested in order to prevent the risk of having a kidney stone:
It would be beneficial to contact a dietitian who can help with the planning of meals that would reduce the risk of kidney stones.