Parenting & Pregnancy – Food Pyramid http://www.foodpyramid.com Tue, 02 May 2017 10:19:05 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.9 Peppermint Tea and Pregnancy http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/peppermint-tea-and-pregnancy-11105/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/peppermint-tea-and-pregnancy-11105/#respond Fri, 18 Oct 2013 13:30:57 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=11105 The most overwhelming moment in a women’s life is when she steps on the journey of motherhood. Before holding her bundle of joy in her hands, a women has to […]

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peppermint-tea-and-pregnancyThe most overwhelming moment in a women’s life is when she steps on the journey of motherhood. Before holding her bundle of joy in her hands, a women has to endure a period of immense pain. Many women refrain from taking caffeine, nicotine, alcohol and prescription drugs to ensure that the fetus is safe from harm. “Is peppermint tea safe during pregnancy?” is a frequent asked question by pregnant women. It’s time to put an end to all your stress during this fragile phase for this article will answer all your queries in a satisfactory manner.

Can you drink peppermint tea while pregnant?

The most shocking information is that herbal teas, unlike the prescribed drugs, are not approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Despite this fact various studies have been conducted in studying the effect of herbal teas, such as peppermint tea, during pregnancy. This has given us the insight that herbs such as peppermint tea are safe during pregnancy if taken in small amounts.

What are the benefits of peppermint tea during pregnancy?

Peppermint tea is a natural healing herb that is known to have many benefits for pregnant women. The main benefits associated with drinking peppermint tea while pregnant are listed as follows:

1. The most essential benefit is to drink peppermint tea for morning sickness and nausea.
2. It helps to relieve the irritable bowel syndrome.
3. It also alleviates the discomfort of indigestion.
4. Peppermint tea helps to relieve stress and depression.
5. It calms the stomach muscles thus relieving flatulence and vomit.

It is these benefits which makes peppermint tea and pregnancy an ideal and safe combination, making sure that it is taken occasionally and in small amounts.

What are the disadvantages of peppermint tea during pregnancy?

Consuming large amounts of peppermint tea while pregnant may result in the development of few complications. Peppermint tea has a relaxing effect on your stomach muscles which automatically relaxes the sphincter, a muscle connecting your stomach with the esophagus. This triggers acid reflux resulting in heart burn making drinking peppermint tea during pregnancy an unfavorable experience. If you find yourself experiencing severe heart burn or acid reflux after the consumption of peppermint tea, then discontinue its intake immediately. It is also advisable to consult your doctor to be sure that drinking peppermint tea while pregnant is suitable for you.

What is the safest way to drink peppermint tea during pregnancy?

If you are pregnant then it best to opt for natural herbal teas. Stay away from packaged and artificially manufactured herbal teas for it may be harmful for the development of your baby. You can even make your own herbal tea at home by adding honey, lemon and peppermint leaves to boiling water.

So the next time you find yourself wondering, ” Can pregnant women drink peppermint tea?” you are aware of all the benefits and side effects associated with it. However, before indulging into the benefits of peppermint tea make sure that you take advice from your doctor.


References:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/705.html
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0003601/

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Implantation Bleeding http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/implantation-bleeding-10800/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/implantation-bleeding-10800/#comments Tue, 20 Aug 2013 13:34:55 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=10800 Are you wondering if that sinister spot of blood came from implantation bleeding or something else? Are you knee deep in worry, wondering if there is something is wrong with […]

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Implantation Bleeding

Are you wondering if that sinister spot of blood came from implantation bleeding or something else? Are you knee deep in worry, wondering if there is something is wrong with your pregnancy or even thinking if you are pregnant or not. Are you cringing internally because you really don’t want to embarrass yourself by asking around about what exactly is going on with your body? Stress not, because all your answers are about to be answered. Read on to know more about implantation bleeding, why it happens, what it looks like, how long and when exactly does it occur, and how to differentiate it from a menstrual period or other physiological causes of bleeding.

What is Implantation Bleeding?

Implantation spotting or bleeding is a small amount of vaginal bleeding that occurs after fertilization has taken place. It does not occur in all women during early pregnancy, and in most women it actually goes completely unnoticed. If you have heard about implantation bleeding and have gone through early pregnancy without any sign of it, that is completely normal. In a study conducted on women going through early pregnancy, 90% of them did not have implantation bleeding. However the rest 10% did, which means it is not rare at all. If you are going through implantation bleeding, you too have no need to worry as it is just a sign that your baby has implanted into your uterus. Some women are confused about implantation bleeding and mistakenly believe it to be their last menstrual period before pregnancy. This obviously leads to miscalculation of their delivery date. To avoid such blunders, you must understand implantation bleeding and then differentiate it from your normal menstrual bleeding.

What are the Causes of Implantation Bleeding?

As the phrase itself explains, implantation bleeding is the vaginal discharge which occurs due to implantation of the fertilized egg into the wall of your uterus. At this stage of development, your baby is referred to as a blastocyst and has no more than 70 to 100 cells. To gain a clearer concept about this occurrence you would benefit from a little more background knowledge as to how things actually work with your pregnancy. So you can read ahead to understand from the beginning.

Every month you undergo ovulation. This means that your ovary releases one egg into the fallopian tube from where it is slowly moved towards the uterus. If a sperm manages to find its way to the egg, it eventually penetrates the egg and causes fertilization. This means that the egg and sperm have fused to form the zygote, which will later develop into your baby. At this stage it is just a single cell. Imagine how small that is, like a speck of dust! Next the cell cleaves to form more and more cells within its self.

Now that the blastocyst is in the uterus, it needs to attach somewhere in the wall. You probably already know that the baby needs to be implanted in your uterus to obtain all the nutrients it requires for growth and development. The nearest section of the uterus exposed to the embryo is called the endometrium. This endometrial lining is rich in blood. As the embryo buries into the uterine wall it obviously unearths some uterine tissue to make space and plant itself securely. This uterine tissue is in fact what comprises implantation bleeding.

Now it is easily understandable why not everyone experiences implantation bleeding. In some women the burrowing of the embryo into the endometrium may have been at such a specific site that did not expose or leak blood. In others, the scant amount of blood may have been cleaned up by the body’s own immune system before it got the chance to leak out of the vagina. This is why it is possible that a mother-to-be may not experience implantation bleeding during her second pregnancy, even though she did during her first.

Implantation

Implantation

What are the signs and symptoms of Implantation Bleeding?

Aside from the scanty amount of bleeding, you may experience the normal symptoms of early pregnancy. There may be some bloating, accompanied by fatigue. Cramping and lower back pain has also been experienced by women in their early stages of pregnancy. Furthermore, headaches and mood swings may also occur.

Another one of implantation bleeding symptoms is a brief decrease in body temperature. Some women experience a one-day decrease in temperature 7 to 10 days after ovulation that alerts them that they are pregnant. What actually happens is that, following ovulation, your progesterone levels increase, causing an elevated temperature. Consequently as you reach the end of your monthly cycle, your progesterone levels drop, causing a slight decline in temperature. If implantation occurs, you will experience another increase in progesterone. This causes your temperature to rise again.

Again it is completely normal if you experience these symptoms, the same way it is normal if you don’t. There is very little cause to worry about anything here at the moment.

What does Implantation Bleeding look like?

As already mentioned above, implantation bleeding is very scarce. Due to its small amount it takes more time for it to eventually come out of the body, hence it is no longer fresh blood. This means that the color of implantation bleeding is usually pink, brown and even black at times. Under no circumstances will implantation bleeding color ever be the red or crimson that is the color of fresh blood. There are also not likely to be any clots present. Overall it is just light, scant, brownish spotting, that appears quite unalarming and hence is overlooked by most women.

When does Implantation Bleeding occur?

Implantation bleeding usually takes place around 10 to 14 days after the actual date of conception. It is essential to remember that it will always and only occur before your next expected menstrual period. So if you have conceived on the 7th day, it is most likely that you will experience implantation bleeding on the 17th to 21st day. Since the blood takes time to move out of the body, implantation bleeding will not take place right after implantation. It actually will take a few days.

Implantation bleeding does not take place right after sexual intercourse. If you do experience some bleeding after sexual activity, it might be due to an injury which you should probably get checked out by a doctor. Some women also experience spotting after a pap smear. Yet again in this instance the bleeding is not implantation bleeding.

What is the duration of Implantation Bleeding?

Many women are very concerned about how long the implantation bleeding lasts. Does it last as long as a period or does it take just a day or two? The implantation bleeding duration is in fact much less. The spotting usually stops within a day. Some women experience such a small amount of implantation bleeding, that it is only limited to a tiny spot in their knickers. However, implantation bleeding has been seen to last for two days. Having said that if you experience implantation bleeding for more than two days, it may be prudent to seek medical attention for it could be due to something else.

Implantation Bleeding vs Menstrual period

Most women are confused whether they are experiencing a normal menstrual period or implantation bleeding. The questions pore out on search engines, health sites and web forums, women searching for a definitive answer. It is understandable why the answer is so important and potentially life changing! This answer tells them if they are pregnant or not, if they will be bringing a tiny, adorable, new human being in to the world or not. Well we’ll stop trying to be dramatic and lay your worries to rest.

All in all the differentiation is very simple. As already mentioned before, implantation bleeding is in very small amounts, often just a spot. It usually takes place about 10 days before your next normal menstrual period is expected. The spots are pink or brown and even sometimes black and they may persist for up to two days. In most cases they don’t persist at all. implantation bleeding never consists of fresh blood, and usually does not contain clots. Many women ask, ‘Can implantation bleeding be heavy?’ Heavy implantation bleeding is in reality not really likely. If the amount is more than moderate it might not always be the result of implantation bleeding.

Menstrual bleeding is usually way heavier than implantation bleeding. It will also most probably take place at the expected time. Even if your period is late or early, you can still easily differentiate it as the blood in menstruation is red or crimson and full of clots. It is visibly thicker in consistency and is in larger amount. A lot of women have menstrual periods that continue for four days, while for others it is seven days. There is a lot of variation in the duration of menstrual periods but usually it is more than just two days. Another thing you might have noticed is that menstrual periods always follow a regular pattern in that the discharge is light at first and then becomes heavier and then gradually becomes light again. There is no such observable pattern in implantation bleeding, which is comparatively quite random.

So now logically if you have always had a regular menstrual cycle and you start seeing some spots in your knickers before your next expected menstrual period, something may definitely be up. Whatever the case may be, you can always use a home pregnancy test to see if you are indeed pregnant or not. If you are verging on obsession about being absolutely sure, go ahead and visit a gynecologist for your answer.

Is Implantation bleeding connected to Miscarriage?

A miscarriage occurs when your pregnancy terminates at any time before the 24th week of pregnancy. Miscarriages are very common, especially in the first few weeks of pregnancy and may occur due to a variety of reasons. There may be something wrong with the baby which may reduce its chances of living, or there might even be hormonal or blood clotting problems with the baby-mother interaction. During the first 12 weeks or so of pregnancy, discharge of blood from the vagina may be due to a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy is when the embryo has implanted in the fallopian tube instead of the uterine wall. However, most women who experience vaginal bleeding do not end up with miscarriages.

There are again some differences to spot between normal implantation bleeding and bleeding due to a miscarriage. Bleeding due to a miscarriage can vary from light spotting or brownish discharge to heavy bleeding and bright red blood. Another difference is that the bleeding may come and go over several days. While you may still experience cramps and pain in your lower abdomen during a miscarriage, you will find that the normal symptoms of early pregnancy will have disappeared. Your breasts will no longer feel tender, your body temperature may be stable and the feeling of bloating may vanish. These signs will help you differentiate clearly.

In cases of ectopic pregnancy the symptoms are more identifiable and may appear anywhere between 5 and 14 weeks of pregnancy. Women undergoing this condition feel light headed and often lose consciousness. Even though they experience only light bleeding or spotting, it is accompanied by severe and persistent abdominal pain and sometimes even on the tips of their shoulders. If you experience any of these symptoms you should seek prompt medical attention as ectopic pregnancies are potentially serious. There may be a risk of internally bleeding if you do not seek help.

When to see a Doctor?

When you experience unusual spotting or bleeding, it is usual that you may get curious and worried for a moment, go to a search engine and read up about it, and then eventually forget altogether that it even happened. If you are convinced it is implantation bleeding, book an appointment with your gynecologist to confirm. Otherwise there are also some circumstances where you should seek prompt medical attention as it may be something other than implantation bleeding, and may even be life threatening.

  • Vaginal bleeding with extreme pain and light-headedness
  • Heavy vaginal bleeding after pregnancy has been confirmed
  • Long duration of vaginal bleeding along with normal menstrual period
  • Vaginal bleeding after reaching menopause


References:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12923154
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19945608
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/implantation-bleeding/AN02029
http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/content/18/9/1944.full
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/vaginal-bleeding-pregnant.aspx#close
http://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/938.aspx?CategoryID=54
http://www.babymed.com/implantation-bleeding-spotting

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How To Talk To Your Kids About Bullying http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/how-to-talk-to-your-kids-about-bullying-10480/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/how-to-talk-to-your-kids-about-bullying-10480/#respond Sat, 06 Jul 2013 08:35:04 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=10480 Bullying occurs in almost every school, neighborhood and/or family, regardless of whether or not you are aware of it. In fact, according to Mississippi State University (2013), approximately 31% of […]

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How To Talk To Your Kids About BullyingBullying occurs in almost every school, neighborhood and/or family, regardless of whether or not you are aware of it. In fact, according to Mississippi State University (2013), approximately 31% of kids reported being victims of bullying and approximately 4% of kids reported being cyber-bullied or bullied in their homes or neighborhoods. This form of aggression involves violence, social isolation, teasing, gossiping and threatening behaviors (American Psychological Association, 2013).

Bullying is a serious problem that not only affects your kids, but also the rest of your family. It is important that you talk to your kids about the signs and consequences of bullying. Your kids not only need to know how to appropriately respond to bullies, they also need to know who to tell if they feel threatened. If you feel that your kids are exhibiting bullying behaviors or you just want to talk to them about coping with various forms of aggression, you have come to the right place. This article can teach you how to talk to your kids about bullying so that they can protect themselves from harm.

Tips on How To Talk To Your Kids About Bullying

According to Dr. Walter Roberts, professor of counseling education at Minnesota State University (2006), the following suggestions can help you find the right way to talk to your kids about bullying:

Define Bullying

Although it is often hard to know exactly how to talk to your kids about bullying, it is extremely important that you define what constitutes bullying. In other words, clarify that bullying is a form of aggression. It is a way for one or more people to dominate another person. This type of aggression is considered a type of verbal, emotional and/or physical abuse.

Bullying can consist of calling other kids degrading and/or embarrassing names, gossiping about them, forcing them to do what you want them to do, excluding them from groups, threatening to harm them, spreading nasty rumors about them, taking possession of their personal belongings, posting damaging things about them on the internet (cyber bulling) and/or physically attacking them (American Psychological Association, 2013).

Ask Open-Ended Questions

You may have a hard time deciding when and how to talk to your kids about bullying, but asking open-ended questions is a good way to start. Avoid questions that only yield “yes” or “no” answers, instead ask questions that require your kids to really think about what you are asking them.

For instance, get your kids to communicate with you by asking questions like “What would you do if someone called you names, pushed you, etc.?” “What do you think about people who bully others?” and/or “What do you consider bullying behaviors?” Asking open-ended questions will open up the gateway to communication between you and your kids. This will allow your kids to share their experiences, fears, pressures and true feelings with you.

Use Examples

Knowing how to talk to your kids about bullying can be tricky, but one of the most effective ways to accomplish this task is to approach the topic indirectly. For instance, if you find that talking to your kids about bullying makes them uncomfortable rent a movie that deals with bullying or watch a television show that focuses on aggression and/or bullying behaviors.

Make sure you watch the show with your kids and once you have finished watching it ask them what they thought about the show or movie. This activity not only allows your kids to express how they really feel about bullying, it also allows them to share whether or not they have ever witnessed, participated in or experience a similar situation.


References:
American Psychological Association. (2013). Bullying. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/topics/bullying/
Mississippi State University. (2013). Bullying: School safety. Retrieved from http://www.ssrc.msstate.edu/mskidscount/downloads/Databook2012/sections/201 2SchoolSafety.pdf
Roberts, W. B. (2005). Bullying from both sides: Strategic interventions for working with bullies & victims [Kindle DX version].

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How to Stop Breastfeeding – Quit Breast Feeding With 4 Weaning Tips http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/how-to-stop-breastfeeding-quit-breast-feeding-with-4-weaning-tips-10454/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/how-to-stop-breastfeeding-quit-breast-feeding-with-4-weaning-tips-10454/#respond Wed, 03 Jul 2013 18:43:00 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=10454 Some babies wean from breastfeeding naturally, while others need a little help. If you are like many new mothers, there will come a time when you wonder if it is […]

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How to stop breastfeedingSome babies wean from breastfeeding naturally, while others need a little help. If you are like many new mothers, there will come a time when you wonder if it is indeed time to stop breastfeeding. When that time comes, you may not know how to stop breastfeeding. You may ask yourself, “Should I stop abruptly or should I gradually wean my baby off of my breast milk?”

The Canadian Pediatric Society and the American Academy of Pediatrics report that you should breastfeed your little one for six months to a year, while the World Health Organization (2013) states that you should breastfeed for at least two years. Whether you decide to wean your little “bundle of joy” because you feel that it is “time” or as a result of medical reasons, this article will help make the switch as easy and relaxed as possible.

4 Tips On How To Stop Breastfeeding

1. Slowly Wean Your Baby from Breastfeeding

If you are wondering how to stop breastfeeding, well a slow wean may be the best option for you. Abruptly stopping breastfeeding can be upsetting for you and your little one. In fact, most researchers agree that it is always best to gradually wean your baby from your breast milk. It is important to note that in some situations, it may be medically necessary for you to suddenly stop breastfeeding. Check with your doctor if you feel that you need to stop breastfeeding immediately.

Weaning too quickly can lead to a significant decline in your hormone levels, which can cause anxiety and/or deep depression. In addition, stopping breastfeeding suddenly can interfere with the mother-child bonding experience. In fact, babies view breastfeeding not just as source of food, but also as a source security, comfort and support. The most effective way to begin the process of de-weaning is to replace one of your baby’s feedings with formula, pumped milk (in a bottle) or solid foods. Over time you and your baby will get used to the shift in feedings, and you can one day quit breast feeding.

2. Express Small Amounts of Breast Milk

As you start to decrease the amount of milk you breastfeed to your baby, you may begin to notice a slight decline in your milk supply. Do not worry, this is normal. If you breastfeed at least once a day, the decrease will be slower than if you skip days between breastfeeding.

The most important part of the weaning process is to remain calm and comfortable. Expressing small amounts of breast milk at a time will allow you to continue to producing milk until you and your baby have completed the weaning process. In other words, if you express just enough milk to release the tension in your breasts, your body will eventually get the message and gradually slow your production of milk.

3. Alter Your Baby’s Bedtime Routine

While a slow wean or expressing small amounts of breast milk may work for some women, you may still wonder how to stop breastfeeding. If that is the case, then you may want to alter your baby’s bedtime routine. It is true that babies have the hardest time giving up their night time feedings.

Changing your little one’s bed time routines may take the focus away from your breasts and place it on other mother-child bonding activities such as: snuggling, bedtime stories and bath time. These activities will provide your baby with the comfort, security and support that he/she is missing from the lack of breastfeeding. Moreover, if possible, explain to your little one why he/she cannot have your breast. If you little one becomes upset shower him/her with hugs and kisses until he calms down.

4. Distract Your Baby

If you still have not decided how to stop breastfeeding, you may want to consider distracting you little one with educational activities, healthy snacks, hugs and kisses, toys and age-appropriate games. Try several different distraction methods when he/she starts to reach for your breast. If you find it difficult to distract your little one, cuddle him/her and shower him/her with hugs and kisses.


References:
Dowshen, S. (2011). Weaning your child. Kids Health. Retrieved from: http://kidshealth.org/parent/growth/feeding/weaning.html#
Paediatric and Child Health. (2004). Weaning your child from breastfeeding. The National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2720508/
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2013). Weaning: Tips for breast-feeding mothers. Retrieved from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/weaning/MY01438
World Health Organization (2013). Breastfeeding. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/topics/breastfeeding/en/

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What are the risks of having a baby after 40? http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/what-are-the-risk-of-having-a-baby-after-40-10072/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/what-are-the-risk-of-having-a-baby-after-40-10072/#respond Fri, 10 May 2013 11:00:25 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=10072 Motherhood is a gift and blessing of nature. It is always a great feeling to be a mommy but there are situation that greatly increases the risk of complications in […]

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What are the risks of having a baby after 40Motherhood is a gift and blessing of nature. It is always a great feeling to be a mommy but there are situation that greatly increases the risk of complications in both mother and child. One of the situations in which pregnancy is considered high-risk is when you are having a baby after 40 years of age.

Ideally it is recommended to have your first baby before you turn 30. This is because chances of conceiving a child are very low after 40 years of age. Moreover, even with artificial or assisted techniques, the risk of miscarriage is very high and even if the pregnancy is continued to term, it carries a significant risk to overall health of the mother and baby.

Maternal Complications

Having a baby after 40 years of age increases the risk of various health issues or aggravation of pre-existing medical conditions. This includes:

  • Women who are having a baby after 40 years of age are at very high risk of developing gestational diabetes and abnormal glucose testing during pregnancy. If the expecting mother is a known diabetic, the risk is very high that her blood sugar levels may get severely impaired.
  • Although, any woman can develop gestational hypertension, the risk is higher if you are above 40 years. The chances are fair that you may also develop complications of gestational hypertension like pre-eclampsia and eclampsia.
  • With advancing age, the risk of ectopic pregnancy also increases significantly.
  • Even with excellent antenatal care, the risk of Cesarean delivery is higher in woman having a baby after 40.
  • Other obstetric issues like placental abruption and misalignment are also common.

Fetal Complications

The risk of all genetic issues and problems increases after 40 years of age. This includes Down syndrome, were the risk is approximately 1 in 100. Other issues like mental retardation and congenital anomalies are also seen more frequently in women who conceive after 40. Apart from that, most babies are born pre-maturely or with a low birth weight. Moreover, even after birth, these babies are known to have issues in lactation and are thus more likely to get sick as a result of infections.

How can you minimize the risk of complications if you are having a baby after 40?

It is very important to keep up with all your antenatal checkups and make sure you take all prescribed supplements. Due to high risk of neural tube defects, folate supplementation is very important. You may need more frequent antenatal testing and genetic counseling to avoid genetical or other congenital malformations in your baby. A healthy and nutritious diet is even more essential with an absolute restriction of exposure to cigarette smoking, alcohol and other beverages that may affect fetal growth or development. Moreover, maintain a healthy lifestyle and watch your weight gain during pregnancy to avoid further complications and issues.

Remember to always consult with your doctor!

Reference: http://www.babycenter.com/404_what-are-the-risks-of-having-a-baby-if-im-35-or-older_3127.bc

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Anger Management in Children http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/anger-management-in-children-10061/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/anger-management-in-children-10061/#respond Fri, 03 May 2013 10:00:56 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=10061 Anger and aggression are normal emotions that are seen in individuals of all age groups. Mild and infrequent episodes of anger are more reflective of self expression, however, as a […]

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Anger Management in Children

Anger and aggression are normal emotions that are seen in individuals of all age groups. Mild and infrequent episodes of anger are more reflective of self expression, however, as a rule moderate to severe anger issues are not considered normal in children and if present are more reflective of a serious underlying issue that must be dealt seriously.

What are some possible triggers of anger in children?

Anger can be episodic in children but can also be seen as more of a mood problem in which the child is more vulnerable and easier to get angry for significant periods of time. A few recognized causes or triggers of anger in children are:

Attention seeking behavior; the child throw tantrum, wines and cries to get his parents attention. Seen frequently if both the parents are working a full-time job.
Any change in external environment like after shifting home or changing to a new school environment.
Potential psychological stressor like sexual harassment, verbal abuse or physical violence at school or elsewhere.
Children are very sensitive and they react differently to stressors; one fairly popular expression is anger and aggressive behavior.

Strategies for successful anger management in children

Anger management in children is a pretty tough exercise but the right approach can do wonders. It is very important to take the temper tantrums and aggressive behavior in children seriously. A few successful strategies in this regard are:

Verbal discussion

In most situations, it is healthy to approach the child directly and discuss the odd behavior in a friendly tone. Let your child speak and discuss his issues and problems and take action if there is anything serious going on with your child. Develop a friendly and healthy relationship in which your child can discuss all his problems with you.

Verbal counseling

In some cases, there is no reasonable explanation or reason for the odd behavior and anger displays. In all such cases, best way to deal with your child’s anger is to explain for him nicely that being angry for no reason and throwing temper tantrums is not good for his health and relationships.

Teach relaxing techniques

Breathing exercises are very helpful in calming down the anger. Teach your child good breathing exercises so he can learn to control his anger. Some psychologists also encourage promoting certain habits also called anger dissipation activities like buying a punch doll or running. Avoid dealing with an angry child and always give him time to cool down his anger.

Do not shout/ stop/ or abuse your child

Just as you have your ways of expressing your frustration that may irritate others, your child can also act out at times but instead of punishing him, abusing or being harsh, it is important to let go off things at times (unless your child makes it a habit). Infrequent episodes of anger issues in children should be managed by ignoring the tantrum. However, you can always ask your child if there is anything you can do to make him feel better. Always remember that strategies for anger management in children are different from strategies used by adults.

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How To Reduce Swelling In Face During Pregnancy http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/how-to-reduce-swelling-in-face-during-pregnancy-10034/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/how-to-reduce-swelling-in-face-during-pregnancy-10034/#respond Mon, 22 Apr 2013 11:14:45 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=10034 Women usually expect some face swelling during pregnancy and they can pretty much deal with it until the face changes. That’s when a women might no longer think that it […]

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Women usually expect some face swelling during pregnancy and they can pretty much deal with it until the face changes. That’s when a women might no longer think that it is cute to be pregnant. Why doesn’t all the swelling stay in the hands and feet, one may ask. Unfortunately there is no way to control over what area pregnancy swelling will affect, so the only thing that can be done is to cross fingers and hope not to have a swollen face during pregnancy.

You could follow some known tips on how to reduce face swelling. However, if you find yourself suffering with a swollen face during pregnancy accompanied by other unnatural symptoms you should contact your doctor as this particular swelling could be a result of a medical condition called preeclampsia or toxemia, which causes a pregnant woman’s blood pressure to rise to alarming numbers and also causes protein to form in the urine of the mom to be. First time mothers are at a greater risk to develop this condition which can be life threatening to mother and child if it is not caught and treated immediately. Toxemia can affect an expectant mother’s kidneys, liver, brain and placenta, so it is imperative that you call your physician if you have noticed any of the following symptoms:

  • Any type of vision issues such double vision as blurry vision
  • Unexplained pain in the upper part of the abdomen
  • A headache that feels different from headaches you’ve had in the past that doesn’t subside.
  • Hand and face swelling that does not go away

There are some women who will make it through their entire pregnancy with a very small amount of pregnancy swelling and at the same time, there will be some ladies who can’t seem to rid their bodies of all the excess fluid. Facial swelling during pregnancy or not, this is all a part of the natural process of being pregnant. Knowledge of how to reduce swelling in face can make a difference.

Suggestions on how to reduce swelling in face during pregnancy

  • Drink at least eight 8ounce glasses of water per day
  • Apply cool compresses to your face to help with some of the facial swelling during pregnancy
  • Limit your sodium intake so that your body doesn’t retain fluid.
  • Avoid extended exposure to the heat
  • Limit your caffeine intake as it tends to dehydrate
  • Eat food high in potassium
  • Get plenty of rest as it is good for both mom and baby.

Some women may only need to try one of these things on how to reduce swelling, while others may need to try more than one. Nevertheless, if you are concerned with the amount of facial swelling during pregnacy that you are experiencing, it may be a good idea to reassure yourself by consulting with your physician. Follow doctor’s recommendations on how to reduce the swelling. Don’t be alarmed if you notice that the pregnancy swelling doesn’t go away immediately. It may take a day or so for you to start looking like yourself again.  A swollen face during pregnancy will likely subside within two weeks post delivery.

Try to keep in mind that this will all be worth it once you look into your baby’s eyes for the very first time.

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Things to Think of When Raising a Deaf Child http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/things-to-think-of-when-raising-a-deaf-child-10018/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/things-to-think-of-when-raising-a-deaf-child-10018/#respond Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:16:53 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=10018 A parent brings a child into the world hoping for eternally sunny skies and smooth sailing. We want the best experiences for our bundles of joy and wish only great […]

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A parent brings a child into the world hoping for eternally sunny skies and smooth sailing. We want the best experiences for our bundles of joy and wish only great opportunities upon their future. When a child is born without the ability to hear, it can initially feel like a looming disadvantage for parents who fear the struggles a deaf child may have to face.

Fortunately, the modern world is one in which a child can thrive no matter what challenges he or she faces. Raising a deaf child can be a beautiful experience through which a family learns about resilience and spirit alongside one another. There are several resources and opportunities available to those who are learning how to raise a deaf child.

Support Groups

One of the best ways to deal with unexpected or difficult circumstances is to reach out to others who are going through the same thing. If you are raising a deaf child, take the time to research what support groups for both parents and children are available in your community. Spending time with other parents of hearing-impaired children can be a great way to find the encouragement you need and swap tips and recommendations.

Seek school involvement

Parents raising a deaf child will innately understand their child’s desire to take part in “normal” activities with other children their age. Parents of children with auditory impairments should make it a priority to see what programs, assistance and auditory therapies are a part of school curriculum. Now, more than ever, schools are making an effort to provide various avenues of aid that help children with disabilities be a part of school-wide activities and functions. Many schools are now able to provide interpreters for children who require their assistance.

Keep conversation going

When raising a deaf child, one of the most important tools to overcoming adversity is keeping lines of communication open and active. Talk to your child often about struggles and concerns they are having with their condition. When other children or parents have questions, feel free to answer them honestly. Being open about what it means to be deaf and how to best deal with difficulty will make any obstacle manageable. It will also instill a sense of social comfort surrounding deafness in your child.

Sign as a family

Language is a primary component to communication and for deaf individuals, sign language becomes their first language. Taking the time to learn sign language as a family helps to create a sense of communicative unity at home. It is often recommended that extended family learn to sign as well. This becomes the means to establishing strong relationships that can exist and thrive despite a hearing impairment. When a family decides to use sign language as a primary form of communication, there is a cohesive bond that is built around a deaf child. When every member of the family uses sign language at home and together in public, a deaf child doesn’t feel singled out, but becomes part of a strong, supportive group.

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Aim and objectives of Fatherhood Programs http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/aim-and-objectives-of-fatherhood-programs-9995/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/aim-and-objectives-of-fatherhood-programs-9995/#respond Fri, 08 Mar 2013 17:27:19 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=9995 What are fatherhood programs? For active and optimal development of a child, it is necessary that the child receives a normal and healthy environment at home, which is only possible […]

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What are fatherhood programs?

For active and optimal development of a child, it is necessary that the child receives a normal and healthy environment at home, which is only possible if both the mother and the father learn and understand the responsibilities of parenthood fully. The origin and concept of fatherhood programs is coined because in United States, more than 27 million children are living a life without any fatherly supervision and love that greatly impairs the psychological thinking and increase the risk of emotional and psychological problems in the children.

The aim and objectives of Fatherhood programs

The aim of most fatherhood programs is to orient fathers to learn parental skills that may help them in developing excellent bonding with their child. Most fatherhood programs have a multi-targeted approach.  An example would be categorizing the fathers in different age groups and according to the social background in an attempt to use more effective and efficient methodologies to deal with each group. This is primarily because the causes and circumstances of irresponsible behavior in each age group are different.

Most state level fatherhood programs have following categories:

  • Young fathers: under 25 years of age
  • Older fathers: over 25 years of age
  • Other sub-groups deal with fathers who have a troubled past like drug-addiction history, criminal record or domestic violence.

What are the different services provided under fatherhood programs?

As discussed above, the target of most programs is to give rise to responsible and caring fathers who can make an effort to provide support and love to their children.

A variety of services are provided, which include but not limited to:

  • Providing college studies and admission help to fathers who are under-educated and unemployed.
  • The program helps, prepare and guide fathers to different organizations and associations for employment facilities and also conduct direct referrals depending upon the skill set and expertise of participants.
  • Fathers are given a chance to learn basic parental skills as the program allows different fathers to discuss their stories and enable them to learn skills by peer counseling.
  • Most importantly, fatherhood programs allow families to meet under-supervision and offer family counseling services and father-child counseling services for better understanding of the mutual relationship.
  • All those fathers who have mood issues or anger issues are given anger management, stress management and meditation training to deal better with their kids.
  • In helping fathers to deal with issues with child custody and in assisting the permission regarding child visitation and similar issues.
  • These fatherhood programs also help fathers to deal with their social and personal issues that may interfere with their relationship to the children in the family.
  • These programs also support and fund projects to complete school and to seek entry level positions to at least make a start, to make sure fathers are able to fund and feed their children.

How to get enroll in a fatherhood program?

This greatly varies according to the program and its specifics. There are a number of functional and active fatherhood programs at national and international level, but if you just need a discussion forum to learn how to be a better father, you can join a local fatherhood program.

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Being a Single Mom and Raising a Child Alone http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/being-a-single-mom-and-raising-a-child-alone-9955/ http://www.foodpyramid.com/parenting-pregnancy/being-a-single-mom-and-raising-a-child-alone-9955/#respond Mon, 28 Jan 2013 19:46:24 +0000 http://www.foodpyramid.com/?p=9955 There are a lot of reasons why a woman may find herself raising a child alone. While some choose the path of single parenthood voluntarily, others find themselves thrown into […]

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There are a lot of reasons why a woman may find herself raising a child alone. While some choose the path of single parenthood voluntarily, others find themselves thrown into the mix unexpectedly.

Every mother out there would agree that while raising a child is a blessing, it is also no easy task. Women raising a child alone often battle an escalated mix of fears and worries when a partner to count on is absent from the family equation. Single moms often feel anxiety when it comes to trying to find ways to finance their situation single-handedly, isolation as time restraints cause their social life to diminish, worry that their children will be missing out on a father figure accompanied by the general fatigue every mother feels.

It’s important that all mom’s take time out of their days to care for themselves. Women raising a child alone should take particular care to set aside time to help themselves, as they are often the one and only source of support for their child.

State Funding

While it is not necessarily a popular topic of discussion, single moms should be aware that state funding is available for families that meet income guidelines. Programs such as WIC, Medicaid and TANF, just to name a few, are established by the state and federal government to help those who qualify provide for their families. A woman raising a child alone often deals with the added financial hardship of having only one income to live on. State assistance for daycare, continuing education and nutrition can ease some of the basic financial burden a single mother carries. Applications for these programs are commonly located, filled out and submitted online.

Support Groups

While life circumstances may lead a woman to need to raise her child alone, it doesn’t mean that her walk in motherhood has to be lonely. There are many single mom support groups both within communities and online that are available as a safe place to discuss worrisome topics and release shared frustrations. Knowing there are other women in the community going through similar situations can put difficult circumstances in perspective and help a single mom feel both cared for and involved in a group.

Take a worry-free walk

Motherhood comes with its own, specific set of newfound fears. Single moms may have a tendency to dwell on these worries for a longer period of time when there isn’t another parent in the household to take over when things get tough. For this reason, it’s important that women raising a child alone have a babysitter in place, even if just for 30 minutes a week to attend to mental health and rejuvenation. Taking a short walk alone can be the restorative peace of mind needed to be able to face whatever comes next.

Document the details

A single mom doesn’t necessarily have the domestic support a two-parent household can possess. When there isn’t another person to share in childhood milestones, journaling the events can be a great way to share good news and archive major achievements. Going back over a journal of great single-motherhood moments can give you a much-needed boost of maternal confidence on a difficult day.

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